About Memory

hippocampus1The hippocampus is the horseshoe-shaped region of the brain that is heavily associated with memory. It plays an important role in consolidating information from short-term memory into long-term memory.

The hippocampus is part of the limbic system, a system associated with emotions and long-term memories. It is involved in such complex processes as forming, organizing, and storing memories.

Functioning of the hippocampus can decline with age. By the time people reach their 80s, some of them may have lost as much as 20 percent of the nerve connections in the hippocampus.

Experts believe that we can hold approximately seven items in our short-term memory for about 20 to 30 seconds. Grouping related information into smaller “chunks can help us stretch this capacity somewhat.

In a famous paper published in 1956, psychologist George Miller suggested that the capacity of short-term memory for storing a list of items was somewhere between five and nine. Today, many memory experts believe that the true capacity of short-term memory is probably closer to the number four.

Some of the major reasons we forget things include:

  • failure to retrieve the information, which often occurs when memories are rarely accessed, causing them to decay over time
  • interference, which occurs when some memories compete with other memories
  • failing to store the information in memory in the first place
  • intentionally trying to forget things associated with a troubling or traumatic event

Optiminds’ customized tutoring programs help to improve the study, reading, math and cognitive skills of students of all ages. Our programs for baby boomers are designed to stimulate targeted areas of the brain to help improve skills such as memory, attention and organizational abilities.

Learn more about us by calling us today at (248) 496-0150 or by visiting us at: optimindsct.com.

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